Unix/Linux Packages

Revision as of 13:38, 1 May 2008 by Arnofiva (Talk | contribs) (Implementation Details)


Make sure $ISE_EIFFEL and $ISE_PLATFORM are pointing to the delivery you want to make a package for. The version of EiffelStudio will automatically be detected so your package will be named correctly and also contain all information related to the delivery $ISE_EIFFEL points to.

Regardless which distribution you want to create a package for, you will need a directory called packaging and a script called make_unix_layout from https://svn.origo.ethz.ch/eiffelstudio/trunk/Delivery/scripts/unix/. The packaging directory contains build related files for all distribution. make_unix_layout is used by the packaging scripts to create the final unix layout for EiffelStudio (the way it will be installed later on the end user's system).

In a terminal, type the following commands in the directory you want to create your package(s). In general you do not need root access to build the packages.

export SVNURL=https://svn.origo.ethz.ch/eiffelstudio
svn export $SVNURL/trunk/Delivery/scripts/unix/packaging
svn export $SVNURL/trunk/Delivery/scripts/unix/make_unix_layout


To create a .deb package of EiffelStudio, you will need the make_debian_package script from the repository.

svn co $SVNURL/trunk/Delivery/scripts/unix/make_debian_package

Following debian packages are required:

  • build-essential
  • devscripts
  • debhelper
  • fakeroot
  • lintian (optional)

To install the packages, copy paste following code into a root shell:

apt-get install build-essential devscripts debhelper fakeroot lintian


To create a .rpm package of EiffelStudio, you will need the make_rpm_packge script from the repository.

svn co $SVNURL/trunk/Delivery/scripts/unix/make_rpm_package

Following RPM packages are required:

  • rpm-build

To install the package, copy past following code into a root shell:

yum install rpm-build

Creating the packages

Creating the package itself is fairly simple. Depending on which distribution you want to build a package for, type one of the following commands.

For a debian (.deb) package:


For a RPM package:


If everything works fine, the created packages are located in the current directory.

Verifying packages (optional)


For Debian packages you have the possibility of verifying your package with a tool called lintian. If you have installed lintian as mentioned in the Prerequisites section for Debian, simply run following command:

lintian *.deb

lintian will print any errors and warnings about the packages.



rpm -qpi *.rpm

to display package information or

rpm -qpl *.rpm

to have a list of the files contained in the packages.

Implementation Details

Both scripts make_debian_package and make_rpm_package do not make use of the build facilities provided by debuild, respectively rpmbuild. This is mainly because the packages are meant to support the installation of EiffelStudio and not provide source packages to actually build EiffelStudio on the different distributions and platforms. This means that both scripts skip the building part and perform the installation themselves by calling make_unix_layout. What remains is generally compressing/archiving the installation files and putting them into a .deb/.rpm file together with some information about the package.

The next sections will explain which files are needed for debuild and rpmbuild to work and what make_debian_package and make_rpm_package need to set up before invoking them.


In the packaging files you have mostly template files for building packages. Some files have a .sh ending and have to be executed so they produce the actual file used by debuild or rpmbuild (e.g. control.sh will produce a file called control). The reason is that most of the settings in these files have to be determined once we now which delivery we are using. This are mostly path names, but can also be names or email addresses or the person creating the package.

  • config.sh contains general attributes the packages should have at the end. They apply to all distributions.
  • description is a longer description of EiffelStudio. This will appear in the package manager if people install or display the new packages.
  • postinstall.sh are preremove.sh are scripts which will be executed when someone installs/removes the packages on their system. The scripts do not contain a #!/bin/sh line, because for RPM spec files only the content of a script is needed.
  • debian/control.sh produces the control file containing information like package name, version number or maintainer. This information is then put into the package by debuild.
  • debian/changelog.sh produces a changelog file. Since we do not have any distribution specific changes this file only contains a place holder entry.
  • debian/copyright contains copyright information for EiffelStudio
  • debian/compat is only used by debuild
  • rpm/eiffelstudio.spec.sh and rpm/eiffelstudio-doc.spec.sh create RPM spec files which contain the same information file as the control for Debian packages. Except that when packaging it is easier if there are two separate files for the main and doc package.

Check out the links in the reference section for more information of the content of these files.




Links for building Debian packages:

Links for building RPM packages: